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The Elite of Street Fighting: Soviet Combat Engineers

War Park 2023-05-18 12:15



The Soviet assault Engineering Brigade (Russian), or Storm Engineering Brigade, is a reserve under the Red Army's Supreme Command and is known for its excellent performance during Second World War. The duties of these engineering units are to attack enemy distribution sites and break through enemy positions that have been reinforced. Assault engineering brigades are generally abbreviated as "ShISBr" (Russian), commonly known as "armored infantry" or "bronze wall infantry" (Russian).



In late 1941, in response to the German invasion, Stalin ordered the Red Army to create its own engineer brigade.​​ During the German invasion, the Soviet engineer brigades were tasked with building anti-tank obstacles, such as anti-tank cones and mines to stop the German tanks and infantry attack. Soviet engineers played a key role in building defensive lines during the defense of the cities of Moscow and Leningrad, and their efforts were crucial in preventing the Germans from conquering the two cities.



As the balance of victory in the war began to tilt towards the Soviet Red Army, the initiative in the battlefield for the Soviet Army shifted from defensive operations to offensive operations.​ Calls were made for growing a new type of engineering unit, the Soviet combat engineers. First formed in early 1943, the unit's tasks ranged from providing engineering support to participating in surprise operations against heavily fortified positions.​



In non-combat missions, engineers are used for de-mining tasks and bridge construction.



In addition to the special role of combat engineers, these units were distinguished by their better technical and tactical training than standard Red Army units.​ Since sappers are trained for highly dangerous missions, in addition to standard engineering training and endurance training, sappers spend a lot of time practicing hand-to-hand combat and grenade throwing.



Combat engineer units are equipped to meet their professional needs and are therefore better equipped. Combat engineers use Poposha submachine guns, light machine guns and sniper rifles.​In the assault mission, indispensable equipment hand grenades, including RPG-43 anti-tank grenades. When attacking heavily fortified fortresses or street battles, combat engineers use explosives and flamethrowers. With such well trained Corps of Engineers equipped with such effective firepower, they can effectively destroy the enemy's fortifications.



For their own safety, combat engineers are equipped with M40 helmets and SN42 steel anti-ballistic suits.​​​​The vest weighs 3.5 kg and is made of 2mm steel with an internal shock absorption lining. The vest proved very useful in close-range street fighting, protecting combat engineers from 9mm bullets and shrapnel from the MP40. But breastplates are a big liability in the field, especially when crawling. Body armor became the symbol of Soviet combat engineers.​​



From Kursk to Berlin, combat engineers proved their worth in many battles, especially when the common infantry units were weak in attack.


This month War Park launched 5 Soviet combat engineers + 2 Soviet snipers + 1 mannequin.













披坚执锐的巷战精英--苏联战斗工兵

战争公园 2023-05-18 12:15


苏联突击工兵旅(俄语:Штурмовая инженерно-сапёрная бригада)或称风暴工兵旅是隶属于红军最高指挥部的预备队,因在第二次世界大战期间的出色表现而闻名。这些工兵部队的职责是突击敌军集散地以及突破已被强化防御的敌军阵地。突击工兵旅一般被缩写为“ShISBr” (俄语:ШИСБР),一般被称为“装甲步兵”或“铜墙铁壁步兵”(俄语:панцирная пехота)。


1941年底为应对德国的入侵,斯大林命令红军建立自己的工兵旅。在德国入侵期间,苏联工兵旅的任务是建造反坦克障碍物,比如反坦克锥和地雷,以阻滞德国坦克和步兵的进攻。在莫斯科和列宁格勒两个城市保卫战中,苏联工兵在建造防线起到了关键作用,他们的努力对于阻止德国人征服这两座城市至关重要。


随着战争胜利的天平开始向掌握了战场主动权的苏联红军倾斜,苏军从防御作战转向进攻作战。要求组建一支新型工兵部队的呼声越来越高,即苏联战斗工兵。这一兵种最早于1943年初组建,这支部队任务多种多样,从提供工程支持到参与对重兵把守阵地的突击行动不一而足。


非战斗任务中工兵被用于排雷任务以及桥梁建设。


 战斗工兵除了角色特殊以外,这些部队还因其比标准红军部队有更好的技战术和战术训练而独树一帜。由于工兵是为高度危险的任务而训练,除了标准工程训练和耐力训练,工兵们花了大量时间练习肉搏战和投掷手榴弹。


 战斗工兵部队的装备是为了满足他们的专业需求而配备的,因此装备更加精良。战斗工兵使用波波沙冲锋枪、轻机枪和狙击步枪作战。在突击任务中,不可或缺地装备手榴弹,包括rpg-43反坦克手榴弹。当攻击重兵把守的要塞或者巷战时,战斗工兵会使用炸药和喷火器进行作战。训练精良的工兵部队配备如此强大的火力,他们就能有效摧毁敌人的防御工事。


      为了保护自身安全,战斗工兵配备了M40钢盔和SN42钢制防弹衣。防弹衣重3.5kg重,由2mm厚的钢板制成,内部有减震衬里。事实证明防弹衣在近距离的街头巷战中非常有用,可以保护战斗工兵免受MP40冲锋枪9mm子弹和弹片的伤害。但野战中胸甲是个大累赘,尤其在匍匐前进的时候。而防弹衣成为了苏联战斗工兵的标志。


      从库尔斯克到柏林,战斗工兵在多次战斗中证明了他们的价值,尤其是在普通步兵部队进攻不力的时候。

本月战争公园推出了苏联战斗工兵5人+苏军狙击手2人+假人1个。

























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