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The People's Car - Volkswagen's Hot and Crisp Pedigree

Original War Park War Park 2023-06-19 20:18


Hitler didn't know much about the technical details of cars, and he didn't know how to drive, but he had a passion for them. In 1933, the Führer met with Ferdinand Porsche to discuss the development of a basic car that could carry two adults and three children at a speed of 100 km/h, and it should not exceed 1,000 reichsmark (the average weekly wage then was about 32 reichsmark, about seven to eight months' salary).

Under the strong support of the head of state, Volkswagen came into being, Volks means the people, Wagen means the car, and "Volkswagen" literally means "the people's car." The earliest Volkswagen logo, the innermost is composed of the initials Volks-Wagen VW, the middle is a symbol of the worker's gear, the outermost is what looks like a swirling spiral. Its pure spicy and crisp pedigree is self-evident.

As expected, Dr. Ferdinand Porsche officially launched three Beetle cars on October 12, 1936. In 1938, the Beetle was exhibited at the Berlin Motor Show and became a highly anticipated presence. But with the outbreak of World War II, the Volkswagen factory soon switched from civilian production to military production.

Dr. Ferdinand Porsche made a great simplification on the base of the Beetle, creating the famous Type 82 of German cars. The Type 82 car, named Kübelwagen in German, referred to German light military vehicles that do not have doors and are equipped with bucket seats to prevent passengers from falling. Kübel is translated as bucket, and so it is named bucket car. Even though doors were finally added to the Type 82, it still retained the same name.

The compact design of the Type 82 car's rear-wheel drive and rear-engine layout reduces complexity on the driveshaft. The air-cooled engine eliminates the need for water radiator tank. Without affecting the overall structure, the chassis was raised by 50 mm to ensure good cross-country capability, the doors were turned from thin steel plates, the steering wheel inside the car was relatively large, and the instrument panel is is clear. Due to the minimalist structure, it not only further reduces the working hours to manufacture and the cost, but also improves the reliability and ease of maintenance. The German Army was so pleased with them that 50,435 were produced throughout World War II. After the end of World War II, the British Army also asked the Volkswagen factory to continue to produce 2,490 of them.

The Type 82 car was very important to the German Army, it undertook the task of reconnaissance vehicles in the German Army. At the same time, the fender of the Type 82 can also be used to store shovels, and oil drums can be placed on the fender. The co-pilot and the rear seat of the car are usually fitted with a steel pipe bracket and equipped with a MG34 / 42 general purpose machine gun, converting this into an assault vehicle.


This month War Park launched three German Type 82 cars. The wheels can be turned, the soldier figures can be removed, and it comes equipped with two kinds of tops (open and closed) and a spare wheel.












Original Chinese text on Weibo below.


人民的汽车--大众的辣脆血统

Original 战争公园 战争公园 2023-06-19 20:18

希特勒对于汽车的技术细节并不了解,同时他也不会开车,但是他却对汽车却有着强烈的热情。1933年,元首会见了费迪南·保时捷,讨论开发一种基础的汽车,时速为100公里/小时,可搭载两名成人和三名儿童,价格不应超过1000帝国马克(平均周薪约为32帝国马克,约7~8个月的薪水)。

在元首的大力支持下,大众汽车(Volkswagen)应运而生,Volks为人民之意,Wagen为汽车之意,“大众汽车”直译即为“人民的汽车” 。最早的大众标志,最里面是Volks-Wagen的首字母VW组成,中间是象征着工人的齿轮,最外层是看起来像万字的旋转螺旋。其纯正的辣脆血统不言而喻。


不负期望,费迪南·保时捷博士于1936年10月12日正式推出了三款甲壳虫汽车面世。1938年甲壳虫汽车在柏林汽车博览会上参展,更是成为了万众瞩目的存在。但是随着第二次世界大战的爆发,大众汽车工厂很快就从生产民用汽车转为生产军用汽车。

费迪南·保时捷博士在甲壳虫汽车的基础上,进行了极尽的简化,便造就了大名鼎鼎的德国82桶车。82桶车德语为Kübelwagen,指那些没有车门的德国轻型军用车辆都安装了斗式座椅,以防止乘客摔倒。而Kübel直译为水桶,故得名桶车。即使后面82桶车增加了车门,但是名字并未随之改变。

82桶车后轮驱动和后置发动机的紧凑设计减少了传动轴,采用的气冷发动机省去了水箱,在不影响整体结构的基础上将底盘升高了50毫米以保障越野能力,车门都变成了薄钢板,车内除了方向盘造得比较大之外,仪表盘都是能省则省。由于极简的结构,不仅进一步地降低了工时和造价,也提升了可靠性和维修的便利性。德国陆军对其非常满意,整个二战期间一共生产了50435辆。二战结束后,英军还要求大众工厂继续为其生产了2490辆。

82桶车在德国陆军里的地位十分重要,它承担了德国陆军里的侦察车辆任务,或是在后座加装电台后充当前线指挥车辆等,同时82桶车的挡泥板还能够存放一些如铁锹、油桶则可以放在挡泥板上,副驾驶和车后座都留有加装MG34/42通用机枪的钢管支架,可以转为一辆火力突击车。







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