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How did the German sniper team function in World War II?

Adapted from War Park Weibo 2022-04-17 11:18

It can be said that Germany was a modern sniper’s Garden of Eden. Shortly after digging the first trench during World War I, the Germans put hunting rifles with optical scope into use, bringing hell to Allied soldiers.


Snipers are what military strategists call power multipliers. Simply put, the power multiplier is a small team that can cause greater damage by using special tactics. The amazing thing about snipers is that they can multiply their strength without directly fighting the enemy.

Before pulling the trigger, the sniper needs to consider countless variables - wind speed, wind direction, range, target movement, mirage, light source, temperature, air pressure, and this is only the beginning. Finding a good shooting position takes a lot of work. That's why snipers always work in pairs.


The sniper team usually consists of a sniper and an observer. Observers carry special scopes, which are more powerful than the scopes on sniper rifles, helping snipers observe targets and helping to guide the shooting. Although the sniper rifle only needs one person to fire, it actually takes two soldiers to make good use of the weapon system of the sniper rifle.

The sniper team works together to reach the destination safely and cautiously, and then set up positions. The general process is as follows:

  • Use maps or photos to determine the best trails to reach the target;

  • Look for the best shooting position in terms of angle and camouflage;

  • Plan an escape route and a second well-disguised reserve position;

  • Observers measure range, read wind speed, wind direction and angle, and adjust other variables that may affect shooting;

  • The sniper pulls the trigger to shoot the target.

On the battlefield, the sniper's main task has little to do with just pulling the trigger. German snipers have a motto "ten hidden times, one shot", which is mainly about reconnaissance. Because as well-trained soldiers, snipers need to be good at concealment, camouflage, infiltration and reconnaissance, in addition to long-range shooting targets. They need to sneak into the enemy's rear and provide the headquarters with information about the enemy's activities, strength and location.


During the observation mission, the team of two can take turns using telescopes to monitor the enemy. This helps to avoid eye fatigue and allows a team member to rest while other is watching. This is important, because in many cases, they need to observe the enemy for a long time.

Whenever the mission requires, snipers can also shoot with the appropriate rifle to destroy the enemy and discourage them. Instead of fighting the whole enemy like traditional infantry, snipers focus on hunting key figures - officers, pilots, armoured soldiers, truck drivers, technicians and communication operators. Snipers can destroy the enemy's will and combat ability by firing fatal fire without warning. Snipers are not only shooting personnel targets, but also often ordered to destroy material targets, such as generators, radios, transmitters, fuel and water sources.


Four German camouflage snipers are launched by War Park this April 2022.


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二战德国狙击小组是如何工作的?

战争公园 战争公园 2022-04-17 11:18


可以说德国是现代狙伊甸园。在第一次世界大战期间挖出第一条战壕后不久,德国人就将装有光学瞄准镜的狩猎步枪投入使用,给协约国士兵带来了地狱般的生活。

狙击手是军事战略家所说的力量倍增器。简单地说,力量倍增器是一个小团队,通过使用特殊战术可以造成更大的伤害。狙击手的惊人之处在于,他们能够在不直接与敌人交战的情况下进行兵力倍增。


狙击手在扣动扳机前,需要考虑无数变量——风速、风向、射程、目标移动、海市蜃楼、光源、温度、气压,而这仅仅是个开始。寻找一个好的射击位置需要大量的工作。这就是为什么狙击手总是成对工作的原因。

狙击小组通常由一名狙击手和一名观察员组成。观察员携带特殊瞄准镜,比狙击步枪上的瞄准镜更强大,帮助狙击手观察目标并指导射击。虽然狙击步枪只需要一个人开火,但实际上需要两名士兵才能充分利用狙击步枪的武器系统。


狙击小组齐心协力,安全谨慎地到达目的地,然后设置阵地。一般过程如下:

  • 使用地图或照片来确定到达目标地的最佳路线;

  • 寻找角度和伪装最佳的射击位置;

  • 规划一条逃生路线和第二个伪装良好的后备位置;

  • 观察员测距、读取风速风向和角度,并针对可能影响射击的其他变量进行调整;

  • 狙击手扣动扳机射击目标。


在战场上,狙击手主要任务与扣动扳机无关。德国狙击手有句格言“十次隐藏,一次射击”,主要在于侦察。因为狙击手作为训练有素的士兵,除了远距离射击目标以外,还需要擅长隐蔽、伪装、渗透和侦察。他们需要潜入敌后,为指挥部提供有关敌人活动、兵力和位置等信息。

在观察任务中,两人可以轮流使用望远镜来监视敌人。这有助于避免眼睛疲劳,并允许一名团队成员在其他人观看时休息。这很重要,因为在许多情况下,他们需要在外面观察很长时间。


当任务需要时,狙击手还可以用几发恰当好处的步枪射击来摧毁敌人并让他们灰心丧气。狙击手不像传统步兵那样与整个敌军交战,而是集中精力猎杀关键人物——军官、飞行员、装甲兵、卡车司机、技术人员和通信操作员。狙击手在没有警告的情况下进行致命的射击,可以摧毁敌人的意志和战斗能力。狙击手不只是射人员目标,也经常奉命摧毁物资目标,比如发电机、无线电、发射器、燃料和水源等。


本月战争公园推出了四款德国迷彩服狙击手。

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