Updated: Aug 16, 2022
War Park 2022-06-13 17:14 posted in Shanghai
The Waffen-SS was the first army in history to be outfitted more regularly with camouflage uniforms. The creation of the SS camouflage program originated before 1940, when the SS was still called the Waffen SS, and functioned primarily as Hitler's bodyguards. Gunther Ecke, then SS commander at Ellwangen, came up with the idea of creating a camouflage coat and helmet. The idea of camouflage however is not a new invention.
From the First World War, some countries, including Germany, began to study camouflage on the battlefield. In 1932, the German army was developing a geometric camouflage scheme. The irregular green, brown and buff polygons combined with vertical "rain" stripes are printed on a damp cloth.
Dr. George Otto Schick, was hired by the SS to study camouflage, believes that Wehrmacht camouflage had fatal shortcomings and will have a conspicuous or three-dimensional effect on the surface. Therefore, Dr. Schick developed a new SS camouflage from the basis of three aspects: colour, pattern and fabric.
For colour, Dr. Schick tested special dye samples. The colour scheme was as such, with different greens used in spring and summer, and browns used in autumn and winter to simulate the colours of leaves, twigs and soil.
In terms of pattern, the camouflage pattern developed by Dr Schick is also vivid and effective. As the war progressed, the SS had a variety of camouflage styles, including sycamore, palm tree, pea, fog edge and vampire. These artistic patterns can adapt to a wide range of changes and blend into the natural surroundings. At the end of 1944, the United States Munitions Task Force analyzed SS camouflage patterns and concluded that that by looking at the color of the small spots, which look similar to stains, but in a slightly farther distance achieves the blending in and forming a larger irregular color block. Therefore, they concluded that this kind of camouflage pattern can effectively decompose the user's silhouette in short range and long range to achieve the purpose of camouflage. To this end, the SS applied for patent protection of their own camouflage pattern, and as such the regular German Army and Air Force had to develop their own new camouflage pattern.
In order to develop the SS camouflage, it also saw the invention of a synthetic fabric - cotton duck. This fabric was extremely durable and extremely strong. It was made from cotton thread (with a dash of artificial fibre added later) that was tightly woven and was extremely waterproof. Farben produces a wax emulsion to chemically treat the cloth. This waterproof fabric became the most commonly used uniform and moisture-proof fabric for the German army throughout the war. Even the U. S. Army, in evaluating the fabric, also concluded that it is better than most U. S. military tent canvas."
During the Battle of Kursk in 1943, the Waffen-SS began to equip its own armoured units with camouflage jumpsuits using advanced waterproof fabrics. This was intended to improve the survival rate of surviving tank crew after the tank was destroyed. After all, as a highly mobile army unit, tanks are extremely valuable as compared to infantry. Prior to this, the Waffen-SS infantry was not fully equipped and the Wehrmacht had only a camouflage poncho. The Waffen-SS tank troopers were mostly outfitted with black wool tops and jackets. But these jackets were soft and expensive, and they can easily get caught or torn in combat. After the new camouflage jumpsuit was distributed, because of its strong, durable, waterproof and breathable characteristics, it became deeply loved by the vast number of tank troops.
With regard to the SS troops, when the war first broke out, there were about 18,000 men. After that, it increased to 330,000 in 1942 and peaked at 910,000 in 1944. The explosive expansion of the WaffenSS and the Wehrmacht accelerated the consumption demand of German war resources. Whether it was early experimental and advanced equipment, or the late war production of tightly shortage goods, camouflage clothing was always considered a rare strategic material and supply was always prioritized to the elite troops. And this body camouflage also became the symbol of the trump elite.
This month War Park launched eight camouflage Waffen-SS tank crew, among them, are 3 SS officers and 5 SS crew carrying shells. The shells can be dismantled. Each soldier comes with two 88mm shells that can match the Tiger, King Tiger, Jagdpanther, etc.
战争公园 2022-06-13 17:14 上海